Simulation ‘debriefing with good judgement’ – a useful technique

Model:

Frames -> actions -> results

Use ‘advocacy-inquiry’ to elicit frames that governed trainees’ actions:

  • state the observed actions/results (advocacy)
  • explore the frame that led to that with genuine curiosity (inquiry)

Facilitator tests their views of the situation against the trainees’ view rather than adopting the position of being the holder of a single truth.

Phrases:

What/how were you feeling…

Help me to understand why…

What/how were you considering…

What was going through your mind…

What was concerning you…

What/how were you thinking…

I am curious as to…

I am wondering…

Anyone else have a thought…

=> Effective, reflective debriefing leads to new frames, not just new actions.

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